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The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume IVThe Twentieth Century: Traditions in a Global Context$
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Jehu J. Hanciles

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199684045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199684045.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 May 2021

‘Crying for Help and Reformation’

‘Crying for Help and Reformation’

Dissenting Protestants in Ottoman Syria

(p.145) 7 ‘Crying for Help and Reformation’
The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, Volume IV

Deanna Ferree Womack

Oxford University Press

With a focus on Arabic-speaking Protestants in Ottoman Syria (present day Lebanon and Syria) in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this chapter explains how Syrian Evangelical Church members who shared the same Reformed theological tradition came to define themselves as either Congregationalists or Presbyterians. Contrary to the accounts of Presbyterian missionaries who operated the American Syria Mission after 1870, the church schism in Beirut and subsequent denominational divisions were not merely the result of internal Syrian Protestant squabbling, self-interested troublemaking, or a preference for congregationalism. Rather, the church controversies and anti-missionary critiques that emerged during this period were part of a wider Protestant dissenting tradition.

Keywords:   Ottoman Syria, Beirut, Presbyterian missions, Congregationalism, Arab Protestants, Butrus al-Bustani

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