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Adult Nursing PracticeUsing evidence in care$
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Ian Bullock, Jill Macleod Clark, and Joanne Rycroft-Malone

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199697410

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199697410.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 January 2022

Understanding Functional Bowel Disorders

Understanding Functional Bowel Disorders

(p.157) 10 Understanding Functional Bowel Disorders
Adult Nursing Practice

Jenny Gordon

Oxford University Press

The aim of this chapter is to provide nurses with the knowledge to be able to assess, manage, and care for people with the group of conditions often described as functional bowel disorders (FBD)—see definitions below—in an evidence-based and person-centred way. The chapter will provide an overview of the causes and impact of FBDs, before exploring best practice to deliver care, as well as to prevent or to minimize further ill-health. Nursing assessments and priorities are highlighted throughout, and the nursing management of the symptoms and common health problems associated with FBDs can be found in Chapters 16, 23, 24, and 25, respectively. This chapter discusses the group of conditions often described as functional bowel disorders (FBDs). The term ‘functional gastrointestinal disorders’ is also used in the literature, but, for the purpose of this book, the term FBDs will be adopted. This refers to a group of disorders that are characterized by chronic gastrointestinal symptoms that currently have an unknown structural or biochemical cause that could explain those symptoms. Rome III is an internationally agreed set of diagnostic criteria and related information on functional gastrointestinal disorders (Longstreth et al., 2006). It includes six major domains for adults: oesophageal; gastro/duodenal; bowel; functional abdominal pain syndrome; biliary; and anorectal. This chapter will cover the FBDs that specifically relate to chronic abdominal symptoms. General abdominal symptoms include functional dyspepsia, non-cardiac chest pain, which may mimic functional abdominal symptoms, chronic abdominal pain, functional constipation, functional diarrhoea, functional bloating, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The chapter will concentrate on irritable bowel syndrome. Coeliac disease and Crohn’s disease are included: to give an understanding of these disorders, and to differentiate between inflammatory and non-inflammatory conditions; to highlight the impact of the symptoms on the people who suffer from them; and to give an insight into the contribution that effective nursing makes. The amount of research and the number of publications concerning FBDs has risen considerably since the mid 1990s, and has contributed to the increasing legitimacy of these conditions as disorders in their own right and not simply by virtue of exclusion of all other possibilities.

Keywords:   anus, biopsychosocial approach, digestion, functional bowel disorders, gastrointestinal tract, high fibre diet, ileocaecal valve, large intestine, peristalsis, small intestine, ulcerative colitis

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