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Medicines management for nursing practicePharmacology, patient safety, and procedures$
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Graham Brack, Penny Franklin, and Jill Caldwell

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199697878

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199697878.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 June 2021

Information and Evidence: Sources and Evaluation

Information and Evidence: Sources and Evaluation

Chapter:
Chapter 6 (p.98) Information and Evidence: Sources and Evaluation
Source:
Medicines management for nursing practice
Author(s):

Graham Brack

Penny Franklin

Jill Caldwell

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199697878.003.0012

By the end of this chapter, you should understand… ● The range of possible sources of information about medicines ● Their positive and negative characteristics ● Some trustworthy sources of evidence ● The role of medicines information departments ● Some basic principles of critical analysis of evidence ● How the British National Formulary (BNF) is structured ● How to read a BNF monograph ● A selection of terms used in the literature about medicines…. While nurses will not usually be selecting medicines, they still need information to make the best use of the medicines prescribed for their patients. Information of all kinds is much more readily available today than it was a generation ago when the authors were students, but much of it is of low quality and today’s student must learn to test the quality of the evidence offered to see if it can be relied upon. In all fields of healthcare it has become usual to insist that practice must be evidence based. This is very desirable, but it begs the question—what is evidence? This chapter will examine some of the sources of evidence about medicines that are available and give some guidance on their reliability. Later, there will be an introduction to critical analysis of sources, and a description of some of the key terms used in evaluating clinical evidence about medicines. Sources of information may be conveniently divided into two main types—people and publications. It is natural that many healthcare professionals should rely upon their mentors and instructors to supplement the knowledge they gain in formal teaching. Indeed, for many years much of the practical information about medicines that junior doctors received came from participation in ward rounds under the tutelage of a consultant. In medical school they learned some general pharmacology, but the actions of many drugs were learned following graduation (Maxwell and Walley, 2009 ) The same will be true for nurses, and it will continue to be true throughout their careers. New medicines will come into use, and nurses will have to learn about them. It is therefore important to realize that pharmacology will be a lifelong study and does not end with registration as a nurse.

Keywords:   Bandolier, Cochrane Collaboration, Internet, National Prescribing Centre (NPC), Scottish Medicines Consortium, critical appraisal, information sources, medicines information centres, odds ratio, relative risk reduction (RRR), risk management

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