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Cognitive and Working Memory TrainingPerspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development$
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Jared M. Novick, Michael F. Bunting, Michael R. Dougherty, and Randall W. Engle

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199974467

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199974467.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

Cognitive Perspectives of Working Memory Training

Cognitive Perspectives of Working Memory Training

Current Challenges in Working Memory Training

(p.3) 1 Cognitive Perspectives of Working Memory Training
(p.iii) Cognitive and Working Memory Training

Kenny Hicks

Randall W. Engle

Oxford University Press

Working memory training is an emergent field aimed at improving general cognitive abilities through targeted brain exercises. The prospect of improving cognitive abilities, such as attention control, comprehension, and reasoning, has piqued the interest of the scientific community and the general public alike. If cognitive abilities like working memory capacity can be improved, it is assumed that this improvement will result in benefits to a broad range of real-world abilities associated with working memory capacity, including reading comprehension, math performance, and attention control. Thus, the goal of working memory training is to demonstrate broad transfer to tasks that involve the same components of working memory that were targeted during training. Therefore, improvements should be observed on a broad range of tasks that tap the ability being trained. This is measured by observing the difference between pre- and posttest performance on cognitive tasks that subjects have not practiced. The aim of this chapter is to summarize the extant literature on working memory training and then to pose a series of questions to researchers investigating the efficacy of working memory training.

Keywords:   working memory training, near transfer, far transfer, general fluid intelligence, memory strategy, active control group

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