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Cognitive and Working Memory TrainingPerspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development$
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Jared M. Novick, Michael F. Bunting, Michael R. Dougherty, and Randall W. Engle

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199974467

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199974467.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Working Memory Training From an Individual Differences Perspective

Working Memory Training From an Individual Differences Perspective

Efficacy in Older Adults

(p.14) 2 Working Memory Training From an Individual Differences Perspective
Cognitive and Working Memory Training

Erika Borella

Barbara Carretti

Cesare Cornoldi

Rossana De Beni

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents and discusses a verbal WM training developed for older adults. The model of working memory (WM) proposed by Cornoldi and Vecchi, which is based on an analysis of individual and age-related differences, is used as a framework for discussing the efficacy of the WM training procedure proposed and developed for older adults. The model (a) assumes that different WM tasks (and underlying processes) may be located along two continua that describe the type of content to be processed and the degree of active control required by the task and (b) considers metacognitive/motivational aspects, which also have a role in determining WM performance. The WM training procedure presented here takes into account not only the capacity to use WM resources and attentional control by adopting an adaptive procedure, but also the importance of including variations in the training task demands to produce a challenging and engaging task that sustains motivation and favor the training’s short- and long-term efficacy, at least in older adults. These aspects seem crucial in explaining the results obtained with this verbal WM training program in aging.

Keywords:   working memory training, aging, cognitive flexibility, cognitive impairment, active control group

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