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Cognitive and Working Memory TrainingPerspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development$
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Jared M. Novick, Michael F. Bunting, Michael R. Dougherty, and Randall W. Engle

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199974467

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199974467.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

How Strong Is the Evidence for the Effectiveness of Working Memory Training?

How Strong Is the Evidence for the Effectiveness of Working Memory Training?

(p.58) 4 How Strong Is the Evidence for the Effectiveness of Working Memory Training?
Cognitive and Working Memory Training

Claudia C. von Bastian

Sabrina Guye

Carla De Simoni

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the question of whether working memory training can induce cognitive plasticity in terms of transfer effects cannot be conclusively answered yet due to persisting methodological issues across the literature. The shortcomings discussed include the lack of theoretically motivated selection of training and transfer tasks, the lack of active control groups, and small sample sizes. These problems call into question the strength of the existing evidence. Indeed, reevaluating published findings with Bayesian inference indicated that only a subset of published studies contributed interpretable evidence. The chapter concludes that the current body of literature cannot conclusively support claims that WM training does or does not improve cognitive abilities and stresses the need for theory-driven, methodologically sound studies with larger sample sizes.

Keywords:   neural plasticity, working memory training, methodology, control groups, open access

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