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Cognitive and Working Memory TrainingPerspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development$
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Jared M. Novick, Michael F. Bunting, Michael R. Dougherty, and Randall W. Engle

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199974467

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199974467.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Cognitive Training

Cognitive Training

Component Processes and Criteria for Change

(p.131) 7 Cognitive Training
Cognitive and Working Memory Training

Kristine B. Walhovd

Anders M. Fjell

Lars Nyberg

Oxford University Press

This chapter first emphasizes the need to acknowledge that there are multiple component processes of working memory. The authors also argue that the field needs a better account of what a training effect actually means. They discuss how to design training studies to allow for measurement of specificity and temporal aspects of effects. There is a need to delineate standard criteria for change, because they can be calculated in multiple ways, as the chapter discusses. Further, the authors stress that, in addition to being a vehicle for studying change, training effects can yield unique information about the state of the individual nervous system.

Keywords:   neural plasticity, working memory, executive function, intelligence, cognitive neuroscience, training effects

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