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Cognitive and Working Memory TrainingPerspectives from Psychology, Neuroscience, and Human Development$
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Jared M. Novick, Michael F. Bunting, Michael R. Dougherty, and Randall W. Engle

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780199974467

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199974467.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2022

Cognitive Training

Cognitive Training

Component Processes and Criteria for Change

Chapter:
(p.131) 7 Cognitive Training
Source:
Cognitive and Working Memory Training
Author(s):

Kristine B. Walhovd

Anders M. Fjell

Lars Nyberg

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199974467.003.0007

This chapter first emphasizes the need to acknowledge that there are multiple component processes of working memory. The authors also argue that the field needs a better account of what a training effect actually means. They discuss how to design training studies to allow for measurement of specificity and temporal aspects of effects. There is a need to delineate standard criteria for change, because they can be calculated in multiple ways, as the chapter discusses. Further, the authors stress that, in addition to being a vehicle for studying change, training effects can yield unique information about the state of the individual nervous system.

Keywords:   neural plasticity, working memory, executive function, intelligence, cognitive neuroscience, training effects

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